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Step-by-Step Guide & Research Rescue: Birth Defects

This guide will help you understand how to efficiently and effectively do basic research.

Step 1. Locate Birth Defects Background Information

This guide leads you through the research process for Birth Defects topics. For general tips on the research process, click on the Basic Research Strategy tab above.

Related Subject Guide - Medicine


For Specialized print encyclopedias, use the Social Science Reference collection, Level 2:

  • Birth Defects Encyclopedia (Sci Ref QP 690 .B57 1990)
  • Congenital Disorders Sourcebook (Sci Ref RG 626 .C597 2007)
  • Encyclopedia of Medical Genomics and Proteomics (Sci Ref RB 155 .E52x 2005)
  • Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders (Sci Ref RB 155.5 .G35 2002) - 2005 edition available online through Gale Virtual Reference Library
  • Genetic Disorders Sourcebook (Sci Ref RB 155.5 .G455 2010) - available online through Gale Virtual Reference Library

For Specialized online encyclopedias, use the following databases. For subject specific background resources, use the Medicine Subject Guide.

Steps 4 & 5: Evaluating Research Materials & Writing Your Paper

For tips on Evaluating Research Materials & Writing Your Paper, click on the Basic Research Strategy tab above.

Step 2. Develop & Narrow Your Topic

After reading Background Resources, you should be able to fill out the following "From Topic to Research Focus" formula.  NOTE: This is NOT the same as your Thesis Statement.  Your Thesis Statement is developed after you read Research Materials about your issue/question, determine your stance, and decide how you will present your attitude/angle/argument. For examples of how to use the "From Topic to Research Focus" rubric, click on the Develop and Narrow Topic tab at the top of this page.

1)  I am researching ______________________________________ (topic)
2)  because I want to find out _______________________________  (issue/question)
3)  in order to ____________________________________________ (application)

Organize your Research Focus into concepts: identify terms, think of synonyms, and organize them using this chart.

(Concept 1) _______________ OR ______________ OR ______________ (Synonyms for Concept 1)

AND (Concept 2) ___________ OR ______________ OR ______________ (Synonyms for Concept 2)

AND (Concept 3) ___________ OR ______________ OR ______________ (Synonyms for Concept 3)

Step 3. Find Research Materials for Birth Defects

For Books use the Books & More search to find specific titles from the bibliographies you noted above. Use the Books & More - Advanced Search to find additional books on your issue question. Referring back to the concept chart above, enter your keyword search, one concept for each box.

For Articles use the Articles & More - Advanced Search selecting Collection: Life Sciences. Referring back to the concept chart above, enter your keyword search, one concept for each box. Click Go to begin the search. Click on the title of the article to read the abstract. Click the Full Text Available and Check for Full Text to view the entire article.

To retrieve additional articles, connect to the databases linked below, or select them from Databases A-Z in the Databases & Journals box on the Library Home Page. Depending on how you have narrowed your subject, other databases listed on the Medicine Subject Guide. may also be appropriate.