Almost all manga involves a combination of Shounen, Shoujo, Seinen, Josei, Yaoi, or Yuri with one of the other genres listed below.
Adult – Like an adult movie, this manga often features depictions of intense violence and/ or erotica activity.
Doujinshi - Literally translates as “same person” and “magazine”. It is fan-art inspired by published anime or manga by professional artists.
Ecchi - Borderline between hentai and non-hentai. Normally involves flashes of underwear or breasts.
Gender Bender – Usually involves two opposite sex characters magically switching bodies, or a character dressing up as the opposite sex to get into a sports program, school, or job - often on the orders of parents or bosses.
Harem/ Reverse Harem – One male character surrounded by female characters who are obviously attracted to him, or one female character surrounded by male characters who are obviously attracted to her.
Hentai - Porn
Historical – usually restricted to Japanese history, unless time travel is involved and then the setting can be in any time or place.
Josei - Women’s comic, normally targets 18-30 age group. These usually tend to be about everyday experience of women living in Japan, tends to be more realistic than Shoujo, i.e not everything works out.
Martial Arts – Tends to be combined with Seinen or Shounen, focuses on Aikido, judo, tae kwon do, karate, kendo, etc.
Mature – manga that if turned into a movie would be rated R.
Mecha - Refers to manga about walking vehicles (usually space ships or giant robots) controlled by a pilot. Usually combined with Sci-fi, and contain futuristic elements.
One Shot - Manga that consist of just one chapter. – Most manga start as one shots.
Psychological -Usually deals with philosophy or a state of mind (most often, the crazy kind). May be disturbing for some readers.
Seinen - For young men 18-30 years old. Often involving male heroes, themes of honor, slapstick humor, and sometimes explicit sexuality, etc. –Most of the time this kind of manga involves gangsters, fighting, gambling, etc.
Shoujo – Targeted for girls roughly between the ages of 10 to 18. Usually combines romance and love with another genre and ends with the main characters getting together.
Shoujo Ai - Mild version of girl love, may be two best friends who are extremely close.
Shounen – Primarily written for boys, fighting and/ or violence can often be seen in this manga. Closely tied to genres like action, adventure, sports, and/ or martial arts. Often involves the main character (male or female) taking up a sport or activity that used to be the dream of someone close to them. Usually ends with the main character loosing triumphantly, or winning heroically.
Shounen Ai - Mild case of boy love.
Smut - Sexual content.
Sports – Centers around any kind of sport, usually involves a tournament style storyline.
Yaoi – Focuses on romantic relationships between men.
Yuri –Focuses on romantic relationships between women.